A paperclip, the cap of a ballpoint pen, a stick of gum, a dollar bill, a quarter teaspoon of sugar, a raisin, and a thumbtack are all common household items that weigh less than one gramme. The gramme is a metric unit of mass equal to one thousandth of a kilogramme. The name “gramme” comes from the Late Latin word “gramma,” which means “little weight.”
A grain of salt, one-fifth of a piece of paper, and one Japanese yen coin are among the other 1 gramme objects. The gramme, which was once the French metric system’s base unit, is roughly equivalent to the mass of 1 cubic centimetre of pure water at 4 degrees Celsius and was used to measure it. The gramme was later measured against a physical prototype kept by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures. It is a single unit inside the wider International System of Units, which is the modern metric system.
Grams are the standard measurement for solid and semisolid culinary ingredients, and the nutritional value of most foods is listed in grammes on the nutrition facts label. A gramme is roughly equal to 0.035 ounces, 0.002 pounds, or 0.004 cups in cooking.