The father of a puppy or puppies is the sire, while the mother is the dam. Dams have a litter of puppies, which can range in size from one to numerous.
A bitch is a female dog, and a brood bitch is a female dog used for breeding. A male dog is typically referred to as a dog until he is able to produce puppies, at which point he is referred to as a stud dog.
Puppies are termed puppies until they reach the age of 12 months, when they become adult dogs.
Tia, a Neopolitan mastiff born in the United Kingdom in 2004, holds the Guinness World Record for the largest litter of puppies ever birthed. Within the first week, one puppy was stillborn and three died. Caesar, a Neopolitan, was the litter’s father.
Read more: What is the Arbor Vitae’s Function?