The Treaty of Versailles has three flaws: the League of Nations lacks an army, making it impossible for the League to carry out decisions; Italy and Japan’s resentment of the treaty, as they wanted a larger reward for fighting alongside the Allies during World War I; and President Wilson’s failure to gain congressional support, preventing the United States from ratifying the treaty. However, the Treaty of Versailles had advantages in that it granted Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Hungary independence.
Through the League of Nations, an international body founded to safeguard the peace, the Treaty of Versailles also contributed to bring peace to Europe. It also treated countries as independent entities, rather than as components of bigger empires or under the power of another country.
The Treaty of Versailles was negotiated in Paris from January to June 1919. It was written by the Allies with little assistance from the Germans. The pact was completed with 15 segments and 440 articles. The first portion was drafted to establish the New League of Nations, with Germany being barred from participating until 1926. The second part of the Treaty of Versailles established Germany’s borders, the third part established a demilitarised zone, the fourth part removed Germany’s colonies, the fifth part reduced Germany’s armed forces and prohibited Germany from owning certain weapons, the sixth part established Germany’s liability, and the seventh part established other financial obligations on Germany.
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