What Are Congress’s Five Non-Legislative Powers?

Congress’ non-legislative powers include the ability to alter the constitution, approve presidential appointments, investigate matters that interfere with or obstruct its legislative duties, impeach officials, and choose a president if no majority winner emerges from an election. Because the vice president is also the Senate’s president, the Senate must approve candidates for vice president.

The United States Constitution assigns Congress its authority in Article 1. Its primary purpose is to serve as the legislative branch of a three-branch system with equal power. The only branch of government that can make or alter laws is Congress. The President is in charge of the executive branch of government, while the Supreme Court is in charge of the judicial branch.

It is vital for Congress to have some non-legislative powers in order to create a system of checks and balances. These abilities aid in the organisation of the government in the case that one branch attempts to exert undue influence on the others. Some of Congress’s non-legislative powers, such as approving presidential appointees, require only a majority vote, while others, such as impeachment, require a two-thirds majority. A two-thirds majority vote ensures that no legislation is passed as a result of a single party in congress wielding power.

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